Learning Disorders (LDs) are a relatively common barrier to learning which impacts performance in some or all areas of reading, writing and/or mathematics. These disorders are considered to be neurobiological, which means they are “brain based” and relate to how the brain processes information. Although LDs can be noticeable from the time children are exposed to literacy and numeracy tasks, it is also possible for LDs to emerge later in school, as concepts become increasingly challenging. It is important to identify LDs as early as possible, as there are numerous research-based strategies which can help to support students with LDs. Students with LDs are at a higher risk of developing anxiety and self-esteem issues, as well as other mental health concerns, without identification and support.
In order to determine the presence of a LD a comprehensive assessment is recommended, which involves clinical interviews with parents (and possibly teachers), a review of all previous medical and educational documentation, and a battery of standardized assessments chosen based on the specific referral question.